Fiqh In Islam

The Importance of Fiqh In Islam

Dina Essawy

22 Oct 2018

Fiqh in Islam is the interpretation of Islamic sources of knowledge (mainly the Quran and the Sunnah of the Prophet (PBUH)). Over the years, Muslim scholars have exerted efforts to understand, decipher, and explain the teachings of Islam in order to help Muslims better understand and grasp their religion. These efforts began after the death of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH).

During the prophet’s life, Muslims relied on him to explain the Quran and hadiths. However, after his death, people needed a way to correctly interpret Allah’s words and the words of his messenger; therein, came the role of fiqh.

The words of the Prophet were transferred orally from those closest to him, especially his wife, Aisha bint Abi Bakr, and his companions. Thereafter, his teachings and interpretations of the Quran were recorded and documented properly by expert scholars.

Fiqh mainly depends on four fundamentals: the Quran, Hadith (quotes of the Prophet), Al-Ijmaa’ (which means scholarly consensus), and Qiyas (which is finding parallels between issues in which the ruling on one particular issue, which is known, could be applied to another which is unknown).

There are several schools of fiqh in Islam. They share many of their rulings, but differ on their interpretations of verses and hadeeths, and how they apply Qiyas. These schools of fiqh are named after the jurists who preached these teachings; the most well-known of which are: Hanafi, Maliki, Shafi', and Hanbali.

Fiqh has developed with the times, and many studies and researches have been conducted to better understand how to apply Islam in our modern times. Following Islam correctly positively impacts our lives every single day and ensures that no one is falsely judged and that no bad deed goes unpunished, in accordance with the teachings of Islam.

 Omar ibn Al Khattab

Companions of the Prophet: Omar ibn Al Khattab

Perhaps one of the most notable figures in Islamic history and one of Prophet Muhammad's (PBUH) most well-known companions is Omar ibn Al Khattab (May Allah be pleased with him). He was so influential that he later became the second Caliph of the Rashidun (righteous) Caliphs, following Abu Bakr, after Prophet Muhammad's death. Under his rule, the Muslim Caliphate expanded extensively.

 Dua'a and Azkar in the Morning and Evening

Dua'a in the Morning and Evening

In order to keep Allah close to our hearts, we must always remember Him through Dhikr (short phrases of glorifying and praising Allah are repeatedly recited silently within the mind or aloud) and Dua'a (prayer and supplication).

 Famous Muslim Women In Islam

Famous Muslim Figures across Time: Aisha Bint Abu Bakr

Many women, during Prophet Muhammad’s time, had a great influence on the spread of Islam across the Arab world and beyond. One of these influential female figures was one of Prophet Muhammad’s wives, Aisha Bint Abu Bakr (May Allah be pleased with her) who is known as the Mother of the Believers.